How Nature Helps Reverse Climate Change

Greenhouse gases, such as co2, are released into the atmosphere with the burning of fossil fuels. These gases trap the heat from the atmosphere, causing many changes in the atmosphere, on land, and in the ocean. About 90% of the heat that is trapped is absorbed by the ocean. This trapped heat leads to glaciers melting, causing sea level rise, temperature rise, and ocean acidification.

Gardens help reverse climate change

Plants and trees take in water and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and through photosynthesis convert it into oxygen and organic compounds. Soil has the ability to store carbon, preventing it from entering the air as the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide and contributing to climate change. Healthy soil also sequesters carbon from the atmosphere: Soil organic carbon (SOC)—carbon that derives from organic materials and is stored or sequestered in soil—accounts for approximately 58 percent of the total organic mass found in soil. Organic agriculture encourages a robust population of soil organisms, including beneficial mycorrhizal fungi, which may facilitate the accumulation of SOC.